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过去将来时典型的错误例析

  2008-11-17 14:20 】 【我要纠错
  1. 我们不知道他是否要在会上发言。  误:We didn’t know whether he is going to speak at the meeting.  正:We didn’t know whether he was going to speak at the meeting.  析:该句主句为过去时,且宾语从句表示从过去某个时间看来将要发生的动作,所以从句要用过去将来时态。  2. 老师问汤姆长大后准备干什么。  误:The teacher asked Tom what he was going to be when he would grow up.  正:The teacher asked Tom what he was going to be when he grew up.  析:在时间状语从句中,常用一般过去时表示在过去看来将要发生的动作。  3. 他们说如果下星期天不下雨他们就去农场。  误:They said that they were going to the farm if it would not rain the next Sunday.  正:They said that they were going to the farm if it didn’t rain the next Sunday.  析:在条件状语从句中,也常用一般过去时表示在过去看来将要发生的动作。  4. 王林打电话告诉她妈妈,她要买一些书。  误:Wang Lin rang up to tell her mother that she should buy some books.  正:Wang Lin rang up to tell her mother that she would buy some books.  析:过去将来时可以由“助动词should/would 动词原形”构成,但should一般只用于第一人称。而would可用于各种人称。  5. 上次我见到你时,你正打算开始乘火车去西藏。  误:Last time I saw you, you had started to go to Tibet by train.  正:Last time I saw you, you were going to start to go to Tibet by train.  析:last time是一般过去时或过去将来时的显著标志。
延伸阅读:初二 英语 本文转载地址:过去将来时典型的错误例析
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